I wanted to set out some basic knitting instructions as a refresher. All knitting instructions use basically two stitches, the knit stitch, and the purl stitch. Once you know these two knitting essentials you will be able to follow most knitting instructions which are just combinations or variations of these two stitches.
First of all, you have to learn how to cast on. Casting-on is the very first step of knitting! This creates loops on the needle which will become the first row of stitches.
Knitting Instructions for the Knit Stitch
Once you have cast on, hold the knitting needle with the cast-on stitches in your left hand. Push the point of the right knitting needle in between the front of the first and second stitches. Pointing the knitting needle to the right to feed the point through the first stitch keeping it under the left needle. The knitting yarn should be at the back of the work. Next loop the knitting yarn around the right knitting needle from back to front. Let the knitting yarn rest between the needles. Catch the knitting yarn on the end of the right knitting needle and pull it through the first stitch to the front of the work. Slip the old stitch off the left needle. The new stitch is now on the right needle. Now you are getting the hang of the knitting instructions. It is a good idea to keep the knitting yarn draped over the right forefinger. This keeps it to the back of the work too. Repeat this process until all stitches are on the right knitting needle. Now count the stitches, if they are all there, turn the right knitting needle around and put it in the left hand. This is the first row from your knitting instructions. The knitting yarn will look like it is at the front. Now you take it to the back and start the second row of transferring stitches to the empty right needle.
Knitting Instructions for the Purl Stitch
Start with the knitting needle with the cast-on stitches in your left hand. Your knitting yarn will be hanging in front. Push point of the right knitting needle into the front of the first stitch from right to left. Wrap the knitting yarn around the tip of the right knitting needle, crossing over the two needles and hanging once again in front. Next, slide the right knitting needle down and back taking the new loop of knitting yarn from front to back, through the old stitch. Slip the old stitch off the left knitting needle. If you have followed the knitting instructions you now have a stitch in purl on the right knitting needle and the yarn is hanging, once again, in the front. Repeat this process until all stitches are on the right knitting needle. Now count the stitches to make sure you haven’t dropped any. Turn the work around putting the knitting needle with the stitches on in your left hand to start the next row.
Binding off is the process of taking the live stitches off of your needle and securing them so that they don’t unravel. Knit the first 2 stitches, slip first stitch on working needle over the second stitch.
Knit 1, slip first stitch on working needle over the second stitch; repeat until one stitch remains.
Cut yarn leaving about 6 inches, and pull tail through last stitch and tighten to form a knot.